- Jan Kuipers was born in Zuidwolde, Groningen,
The Netherlands. He was a son of Jans Kuiper and Aafke Schrage. He
working as a farmer, growing vegetables.
- On 22 April 1944 the Dutch resistance killed
a Dutchman who was working for the German Sicherheitsdienst (SD).
This man, Jannes Luitje Keijer, was a lieutenant in the Dutch police.
Hij was searching for people who were in hiding and was making some
progress in his investigation. Therefor it was decided by the resistance
that he had to be killed, although this would mean the Germans would
take revenge. He was shot at the station in Bedum, The Netherlands and
died in hospital in Groningen. The Germans were furious and the next
morning they killed the first innocent Dutch civilian and later that day
wounded three others when they were shot at their homes.
- On 25 April about 1000 German soldiers and
policemen surrounded the villages Bedum, Zuidwolde, Winsum and
Middelstum to round up every man they saw. Four men were killed and
about 150 men were arrested. In total six men were killed is April 1944
as retaliation for the death of Jannes Keijer.
- Jan Kuipers was arrested in Bedum on 25
April. He was sent to Concentration Camp Amersfoort (Polizeiliches
Durchgangslager Amersfoort) on 26 April 1944. From there he was put on a
train to Germany on 7 July 1944. He was then sent to two different camps
in Schkopau and Lippendorf, before he was finally sent to Peres. In the
working camps he was used a a forced labourer and was clearing rubble
and debris, sometimes caused by Allied aerial bombardments.
- Kuipers died on 15 November 1944 in a camp
for Dutch workers (Holländerlager) in Peres, Landkreis Dorna, Germany.
The author of the Dutch book 'Aanslag en Represaille', Harm R. Reinders,
wrote about Jan Kuipers on page 168. He quotes his father Harm Reiders,
who was also taken prisoner by the Germans: "Jan Kuipers uit
Zuidwolde overleed ook die maand november. Hij lag in de ziekenbarak en
toen ik hem bezocht was hij juist even tevoren overleden. Hij was
ontzettend vermagerd, vreselijk om te zien. De Sanitäter, ik meen dat
het Henk de Jong was, vertelde me een diep respekt te hebben voor de
houding van Jan. Zijn wilskracht was ongelooflijk. Hij stond er ook op
dat hij steeds gewassen werd, wilde beslist niet vuil worden. Voor we
opgepakt werden, misschien een week er voor, had ik nog een heel gesprek
met hem over de toekomst. Het was ellendig hem daar zo te zien liggen."
(translation in short: Jan Kuipers from Zuidwolde also died that
november. He was in the hospital barrack and when I visited him he just
passed away. He thinned a lot and it was awful to see. Before we were
arrested I talked to him about the future. It was horrible to see him
- On 7 April 2014 a Stolperstein or
Stumbling stone was laid in front of the house in Zuidwolde where Jan
Kuipers was living in 1944.